Dracaena family makes up an important group of plants used to
decorate, scrub the air and make “green” homes, offices,
malls, apartments and the landscape around the world. This group of
diverse shaped plants consist of approximately 40 or so assorted
species coming in a varieties of forms and sizes. You can find
Dracaena in sizes anywhere from 4 inch pots to towering specimen.
Dracaena houseplants will grow slowly in low light but grow faster in
medium light. If the light is extremely low, new leaves on the plant
will be smaller and narrower in size. Placing Dracaena houseplants in
the direct sun, even for a few minutes, burns the leaves.
When in doubt, do not water Dracaena houseplants. Allow the top 50%
of the soil to dry out before watering. The lower the light, the less
often Dracaena plants need water. Fluoride, chlorine, and salt in the
water cause brown tips and yellow spots on the leaves of Dracaenas.
If the growing conditions are right, a Dracaena plant may produce a
10″-12″ stalk with a large fragrant white flower. Although
this is fun to see, the flower often slows down leaf production,
alters the shape of the plant, and may secrete a messy sticky sap
that get all over the plant. I recommend cutting off the flower as
soon as it starts to grow.
Dracaena plants need a loose soil that drains quickly. In Hawaii,
Dracaenas are often grown in lava rock.
Massangeana: The very popular (Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’) is more commonly known as the Corn Plant. It does well in low light conditions and its wide leaves are long and arc gracefully from the stalk.
Warneckii: Dracaena “Warneckii” (Dracaena deremensis “Warneckii”) is commonly called striped dracaena. This tropical perennial shrub is commonly used as an indoor plant and produces green and white variegated leaves. A low-light-tolerant houseplant, striped dracaena reaches 4 feet tall.
Dracena Lisa: Dracaena Lisa is a very widely used indoor floor plant. Its dark green leaves and stems are its defining characteristics. Lisa‘s foliage is narrow, compact, shorter in length, and stands very upright.
Dracena Compata: The Dracaena compacta plant, a compact, slow growing member of the Dracaena family, is native to South East Africa. It is often referred to as Dracaena fragrans or Dracaena deremensis.